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Salesforce lightning interview questions - Part 1

Salesforce lightning interview questions

In this post, find an important salesforce lightning interview questions and answers. In case if you are looking for an answer to any other questions, put it in the comments section below.

1. What is salesforce lightning?

Ans: Salesforce lightning is the latest version of Salesforce CRM with user interface changes and improved performance. Lightning works on a component-based framework that is capable of handling rendering of respective components instead of loading complete page.

2.  What is the difference between aura and LWC components?

Ans: Aura is an open-source framework that is used to build client-server web applications. Salesforce lightning is initially built on the top of the aura framework, that consists of a reusable base components.

The Lightning web component is a new programming model to develop lightning components in the Salesforce. It is built on the code that runs natively in the browsers. It is also lightweight which delivers great performance and it comes up with the latest web standards.

3. What is the bubble and capture phase in the lightning framework?

Ans: Bubble - the component event is propagated from the source to the root component, which starts from bottom to top in the hierarchy. By default, an event handler is in a bubble phase  

Capture - the component event is propagated from the source to the root directly and comes from the root to source in the hierarchy, which is top to bottom approach. We must mention phase = 'capture' for the event handler in the component  

4. What is the difference between methods and lightning events?

Ans: Methods are used to communicate down in the containment hierarchy. 
For example, a parent component calls an aura:method on a child component that it contains. 

To communicate up the containment hierarchy, fire a component event in the child component and handle it in the parent component.

5.    What is the difference between application and component events?

Ans: Component events are used to capture events from one component to another component when they are in the hierarchy whereas the application events are used to communicate between the two components when they are not in the hierarchy. 

6.    What is an attribute and event in salesforce lightning?

Ans: Attributes are variables in the lightning experience which are used to store certain values and the same is used to execute conditional logic in the component user interface. For example, attribute values can be used to hide or show elements in the component.

Events are specific actions that are called based on different user responses in the user interface. We have application, component, and standard events in the salesforce lightning experience.

7.    What are the ways to store data in the client or different types of caching in salesforce lightning? 

Ans: LDS [Lightning Data Service], Storage actions [action.setStorable();] and Custom caching 

8.    List different component bundles available in salesforce lightning?

Ans: Component, Controller, Helper, Style, Documentation, Renderer, Design, and SVG

Salesforce lightning interview questions

9.    What is $A.enqueueActoion in salesforce lightning?

Ans: It is a standard action or event in the salesforce lightning which helps to trigger an action at the server-side. Without this line of code in the component controller or helper, server-side operations are not fired.

10. Can we refer two or more apex controller classes within a single component in salesforce lightning?

Ans: No, the lightning framework supports only one Apex controller class to be referenced inside a single lightning component.

11. What is Salesforce Lightning out functionality?

Ans: It is a capability to include lightning components within the visualforce pages

12. Can we extend one component in another component in salesforce lightning?

Ans: Yes, we can extend the components by using Extensible = "true"

Salesforce lightning interview questions

Have any specific questions to ask us? Start the conversation in the comments section below. Thanks for your time.

READ MORE | Salesforce lightning interview questions - Part 2

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